The Future Of Reasoning


This video was created in partnership with Bill Gates and was inspired by his new book “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster.” Find out more here:
my twitter: tweetsauce
my instagram: electricpants
The extended mind thesis:
MinuteEarth video on how greenhouse gasses work:
Molecule animations from
"The Enigma of Reason" by Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber:
"Do You Know Yourself?" Mind Field S1E8
Jonathan Haidt's famous "emotional dog" paper about moral reasoning:
Cognitive Niche:,cause%2Dand%2Deffect%20reasoning%20and
Visual system diagram by RATZNIUM
in order of appearance
all from audionetwork unless otherwise noted
Chillout Lounge
The Crescent
Political Manoeuvres
Pagan Forest Choir
Moon Men (Jake Chudnow)
Glowing Moon 3
Lazy Daze
Innate Knowledge
Houston Keys
Moon Men (Jake Chudnow)
Chillout Lounge
They're Coming
I Can See the Sea
Mysterious Island
Urban Lands
For Leah (Jake Chudnow)
I'll Send You A Post Card _ What My Nervous Stomach Sounds Like (Jake Chudnow)
Going Down (Jake Chudnow)
Lonely Night 2
Turquoise (Jake Chudnow)


  • Bryan Rodriguez
    Bryan Rodriguez41 sekund siden

    Hello people who got this in their recommended in the year 2025, i’m graduating this year

    ARTELLO215 minutter siden

  • ElsYT
    ElsYT42 minutter siden

    This felt like a Kurzgesagt in a Nutshell video. Got a temporary existential crysis, but in the end I came to an eye-opening realization and I am thankful that this video exists.

  • solidXxXtuna
    solidXxXtunaTime siden

    Awesome video, as always. But now to continue where Michael left off and get more practical. How to actually form diverse discussion groups. So many only want to be locked inside echo chambers with their ideological allies. How to go about encouraging ppl to potentially have their deeply held, extremely sensitive beliefs challenged without a payoff for participating? The rewards for hollering behind the impenetrable walls of an echo chamber are obvious. Total validation. Strong sense of united community. Security in numbers. Satisfaction of the base desire to be a cog in the in- vs out-group machine. Protection from cognitive dissonance. Freedom from pressure to suppress negative opinions. The list goes on. The appeal of talking openly to strangers iseem significantly smaller and less emotionally rewarding. The goals are more abstract while the unappealing qualities are a given on its face. But participation has to be voluntary or the whole thing is pointless. So is it a question of salesmanship and marketing? Would it require an external reward like a few bucks for participating at the end? I think my point is better made if I redact who was the host and outlet, but I saw on a tv news program a couple years ago a group of a dozen or so citizens chosen to sit in a room and just talk about politics, society, whatever. The only rule was to say whatever you want as long as you're not personally attacking or threatening or generally being a dick. The only criteria for picking people was that they ended up with a proportionate mix of backgrounds and on political and social spectrums. It was ugly, and naive to think insults wouldn't be flung. People screamed, a couple walked out. But the rest came back for another discussion, and by the end of it, more than half of the group had gotten together and formed a bowling group that hung out every month. And still talked politics and serious shit but respected eachother's differing views. TL:DR it's possible. But I'm pretty sure those folks was paid a pretty decent chunk of change to participate. Is paying people to participate as citizens of a democracy the only answer? If so, how depressing, but we as a society, nation and species should probably get on that. (Speaking from US perspective) BTW - it was Oprah on 60 Minutes but lets keep that a secret plzkthx

  • Omar Qunsul
    Omar QunsulTime siden

    Hey Michael. We are both born on the same day. Just saying !!

  • Emit RelevArt
    Emit RelevArtTime siden

    This Michael is awesome!

  • Jon Deneweth
    Jon DenewethTime siden

    I love you and always will but ever since 9/11 Bill Gates has not been thinking clearly and has way too much of a misguided ego to be followed or trusted by me...

  • Daniel Engsväng
    Daniel EngsvängTime siden

    I think that Empathy is the most important thing to have properly developed( over-developed is always better :) ) when doing NON-Logical reasoning

  • FteZ
    FteZTime siden

    Wow you are seeing this 8 years from now

  • Progster0192
    Progster0192Time siden

    Last few videos haven't showed up in my sub feed. This one included.

  • solidXxXtuna
    solidXxXtunaTime siden

    The way Vsauce talks about how lone reasoning works lines up with the neuropsychological premise of the interpreter module which is responsible for, among many other things, constructing reasons for why a view was formed or choice was made _after_ the act occured. He basically mentioned that point but it's another explicit reason why lone reasoning is so limited and group reasoning can calm the churn. A corollary of the value of group reasoning to limit the sometimes arbitrary interpreter module is that having multiple viewpoints not only helps the reasoning of different individuals within the group become more cohesive but it also helps each individual's reasoning better coalesce and make more sense of the cacophony of output our massively parallel brains are constantly churning out.

  • Dillon Sterling
    Dillon Sterling2 timer siden

    I think this is brilliant. Could honestly talk all day about this subject with you..... hell any subject, you have a beautiful mind. The one thing that nags at me about this idea is the people that just want to wth the world burn. What happens when they get the vote on a serious issue?

  • Dillon Sterling
    Dillon Sterling3 timer siden

    I am Techno-Sapian.

  • signsofevil
    signsofevil3 timer siden

    i love you michael (no homo)

  • TIm Riches
    TIm Riches3 timer siden

    " partnership with Bill Gates..." I'm out.

  • Owen Mayer
    Owen Mayer4 timer siden

    Can't wait to see you all in 8 years. See you later!

  • ninjxxitty
    ninjxxitty4 timer siden

    this is a tough video but super important i think most people should see

  • Venn 413
    Venn 4134 timer siden

    every time Vinesauce Michael uploads my brain gets fatter and richer in protein

  • Abbas Sakina
    Abbas Sakina4 timer siden

    It's not a Vsauce video until the ominous music kicks in

  • Filip Roch
    Filip Roch4 timer siden

    see u next year

  • eXtract.7
    eXtract.74 timer siden

    Kurzeurgestat definitely made a video on the great filter

  • dave demolisher
    dave demolisher4 timer siden

    1 Like = 1 more hope for an AWESOME-OMETER

  • ninjxxitty
    ninjxxitty5 timer siden

    the reason puzzle got me ngl i tried to think with reason but still came to the conclusion theres not enough evidence. i didnt consider the full answer

  • Demarcus Black
    Demarcus Black5 timer siden

    You teamed up with dr evil to perpetuate a hoax. Not very smert.

  • Mark Lucas
    Mark Lucas6 timer siden

    Who 'down-votes' beautifully articulated thoroughly explicated philosophical analysis?

  • Law Ray
    Law Ray6 timer siden

    People, what a bunch of bastards

  • Luka Petkovic
    Luka Petkovic6 timer siden

    Can I like this video like ten times?

  • LP
    LP7 timer siden

    Your proposal at the end was so...reasonable. Also, there are definitely people who don't pick up on those nonverbal cues though, e.g. people with an autism spectrum disorder.

  • Michael Tang
    Michael Tang7 timer siden

    The imported tailor neurologically rub because gliding successfully hope unlike a polite drake. tacky, short locket

  • PyrrhoVonHyperborea
    PyrrhoVonHyperborea8 timer siden

    14:15 - 14:47 What I am really missing here is a mentioning of the mechanism of "mirroring". As human beings we are (mostly) hardcoded to "mirror" our other, the person we engage with, usually in conversations, less often when merely sitting back and observing people. (i) It is actually so basic to the ways we engage with the world and our methods of learning, that most people never realize it: when another human being displays certain mimikry, we instinctively replicate those (if you're not a psyhopath or sociopath(ii) that is); we laugh when they laugh, yawn when they yawn. Thus, our brain can trace back the emotions tied to those expressions and infer the state our other (the person in front of us) is in. Call it - emotional deduction, if you will. No reason needed. I often wonder, how different this all plays out, with autistic people, who usually struggle with this. Maybe the first step, the "mirroring" itself, is blocked? Because, if they "put their mind to it" they are actually as sensitive to understanding others emotions, as others, or even better... On a somewhat unrelated note: the ways in which this video differentiates between qualitatively different kinds of reasoning and decision making is very lacking (borderline non-existent); and most of the confusion stems from that. When people get shown said cards a second time, sneaking some fakes in, they are NOT asked the same question; the task is fundamently different. (iii) To act surprised by the "paradox" outcome is actually a case of intellectual sleight of hand, as you fudged the test. The test-setup thus results in nothing but a blatant non sequitur; interesting, maybe, for the people involved, but no more than being shown a magic trick, w/o actually enlightening them about how tve deceit actually worked. i) the emotionally less exhausting method, and thus preferrable for introverts. ii) the latter usually become very apt at faking it to manipulate their surrounding, though iii) this, btw., is also the secret behind the monthy hall problem: not mathematics! But linguistics! The question asked in phase 1 and that in phase 2 ae fundamentally different! The unspoken rules of the game (never opening the door with the big prize in phase 1, to keep the game alive for phase2) are hiding the true nature of each decision... It's a problem of language, *not numbers or probabilities!*

  • il gabriel
    il gabriel8 timer siden

    damn, this video hits hard about everything in our daily life

  • Matthew Cruikshank
    Matthew Cruikshank9 timer siden

    I feel like this video requires re-watching several times just for all the information and import to sink in. The vast majority of viewers here, probably including myself, will go ok great I agree with everything in the video, but ultimately will do nothing to change the current situation. It's easier to do nothing. Another survival instinct.

  • unknown 0101
    unknown 01019 timer siden

    Im so glad I found this channel i hope you’ll never stop uploading videos unless you die ofc. But you get my point🐸💕.

  • Orange Monks
    Orange Monks10 timer siden

    Vsauce should play a game called The Witness.

  • JainLaFleur
    JainLaFleur10 timer siden

    I love this so much. This video not only gave me so much to understand in order to grow, but also left me a comforting feeling. Somehow it feels like there are answers and solutions.

  • John Kim
    John Kim11 timer siden

    this motif is also explored in Warhammer 40k universe... specifically concerning the orcs.

  • JoshTelevision
    JoshTelevision11 timer siden

    I feel like Billy hired the sauceman to shill his anti-independent thought, science/vaccine, depopulation agenda

  • Jeremy Hatcliff
    Jeremy Hatcliff11 timer siden

    The level plate biologically look because toast reciprocally like of a luxuriant growth. low, detailed pelican

  • b L o O d
    b L o O d12 timer siden

    If my teachers showed the same interest as you do in what they were teaching, I would have been interested in what they were teaching.

  • 34th Vertebrae
    34th Vertebrae12 timer siden

    Climate change propaganda paid by Bill Gates. Not you too, Vsauce.

  • Cipher MK
    Cipher MK12 timer siden

    While this is great and all, I think the main fault lies in treating the general populous as a block of people compared to other 'important' blocks that keep a nation running. For example, If a resource makes more profit in some way compared to the population, then priority will be put on said resource, and the few people managing it. Coming back to the same situation of a lot of power in the hand of a few people. Since a lot of the world is based on the idea of treating people as blocks that are equivalent to resources and can be paid less attention to. The entire nation falls apart and the idea of a crowd making a decision just doesn't work. And the only way to stop this is by making the people have a revolution but if the people are too uneducated and starved to make a revolution. Or the leader of the revolution themself might become a worse problem. The only way I can think of is by the interference of some other nation that doesn't treat its people like blocks...Which I can't think of. Can people here help me come to a proper method or conclusion?

  • William Jalali
    William Jalali12 timer siden

    13:34 firmly grasp it

  • Herosanoj
    Herosanoj13 timer siden

    I don't know if anyone has posted it in the comments so far but a fun psychological experiment in the context of reasoning and social interactions goes like this: So you want to go in front of someone in a queue (for example you both want to use the bathroom in a public place but there is a line since the bathroom is at full capacity). In the control condition you just ask the person in front of you "Could I go in front of you?" In the experimental condition you ask the person in front of you "Could I go in front of you because I need to get in front." People will let you go in front more often in the experimental condition. So even though you don't actually give a reason but sound like you give a reason to your plea it'll convince people easier to give in. This works in a lot of other contexts too of course.

  • Harshita S
    Harshita S13 timer siden

    Why didn't you talk about geoengineering

  • عبدالرب /abood
    عبدالرب /abood13 timer siden

    If we even well be alive for 15 years so if we are still alive then we are lucky

  • Ethan Rushbrook
    Ethan Rushbrook14 timer siden

    Wow this is a great video with some solid ideas. Good going all these years later!

  • A I
    A I14 timer siden

    Your body is your mind, if you give it the time of day you can feel thoughts.

  • Ooga Booga
    Ooga Booga15 timer siden

    why isnt this boi president of the united states yet ?

  • Hazrhon
    Hazrhon16 timer siden

    Once again, an episode worthy of applause. Thank you

  • xekind
    xekind16 timer siden

    lottocracy sounds pretty great--at least worth a shot. Let's try it!

  • Ismael Abufon
    Ismael Abufon16 timer siden

    And as always... thanks for making these videos

  • xXDARK AnimeXx
    xXDARK AnimeXx17 timer siden

    Michael: I’ll be cool when pigs fly...... but when WILL pigs fly. *music intensifies*

  • venomfakiu
    venomfakiu17 timer siden

    i wish all the people who watches this 6 years later a very pleasant evening

  • Manuel Camilli
    Manuel Camilli17 timer siden

    Vsauce's style have aged so well... These is some good fucking shit to get into your mind for the insignificant effort of opening the youtube app and clicking on the algorithm's suggestion... This is some quality content man.

  • Manuel Camilli
    Manuel Camilli17 timer siden

    "One day we'll be the ancients, and we can choose what that will mean" ... 👌 hit the spot.

  • Vexia
    Vexia18 timer siden

    subtitles having a stroke every 5 minutes

  • Jai Singh
    Jai Singh18 timer siden

    Good job Michael. This truly is the future of Reasoning. Thank you for bringing the masses along. People are complacent and need a shake up in what they think reasoning is, how it's done, how reliable they think their own reasoning and worldview is (clearly not reliable at all, but all people, including those claiming to be reasonable, rational and scientific, are genuinely pained to admit this currently and that needs to change), and how we are going to take this forward in the next 50 years.

  • Lawson Rhea
    Lawson Rhea18 timer siden

    If you are looking for conspiracy theorists, click 'Sort By' and then 'New'

  • MrOvergryph
    MrOvergryph18 timer siden

    Hey Vsauce, Reason here!

  • nick thompson
    nick thompson18 timer siden

    bro... michael out here calling every american citizen out rn! We are all complacent, shut-ins that continously feed our own confirmation bias. And rely on media figure heads to justify our own inaction. Why do we all have "jokes" that we know in the back of our minds are true but feel too powerless to stand against it

  • Sebastian Gil
    Sebastian Gil19 timer siden

    What an amazing piece of philosophy.

  • Digitalx Games
    Digitalx Games20 timer siden

    How do we actually know anything

  • Kind Kender
    Kind Kender21 time siden

    The music is not as good as it was.

  • Andrew Graves
    Andrew Graves22 timer siden

    Are we there yet?

  • Gassy Astronomer
    Gassy Astronomer22 timer siden

    The billowy scorpion likely examine because yard lilly trot underneath a tranquil respect. responsible, sudden smash

  • Harshit Chaurasia
    Harshit Chaurasia22 timer siden

    That means reasoning can be improved if we combined consciousness of different individuals in a virtual system ? The combined entity will have a more accurate reason as it is a mixture of perspectives ! The conclusion thus resulting to stronger reasoning.

  • Agora1
    Agora122 timer siden

    Democracy lead us to where were are now, so the answer is more democracy? This ain't it chief. We need a change of economic relationships not just different make up for the same oligarchy-friendly system. Your sponsor Bill Gates needs to go and stay go.

  • Recruit Lucier
    Recruit Lucier22 timer siden

    Did we find mushrooms on mars?

  • Icewind007
    Icewind00722 timer siden

    It think this channel is my only source of deep philosophical subject matter...

  • Isaac Wilcox
    Isaac Wilcox22 timer siden

    The fuck is going on in this comment section?

  • Doge Boi
    Doge Boi22 timer siden

    No no no. Our hands are our brains personal assistants

  • MrBananabomber123
    MrBananabomber12323 timer siden

    National Deliberation Day!!!

  • Christian Prepper
    Christian Prepper23 timer siden

    29:20 *Becoming the teachers will never happen until we first humble ourselves & learn to become better students.*

  • Christian Prepper
    Christian Prepper23 timer siden

    26:44 *BAD IDEA: Learn from "experts"??? And who gets to choose the "experts" that are allowed to shape the opinions of the "voters".*

  • Christian Prepper
    Christian Prepper23 timer siden

    25:28 *The Left are against "talking through their opinions" - calm, unemotional, reasonable discussion. They've just jumped straight to censorship/cancel culture. As society acclimates to people being "disappeared" their next step will by private execution of those socially unacceptable, politically incorrect.*

  • Yunishaa
    YunishaaDag siden

    Climate change is quite common with the current corona virus. Altough there's a lot of warnings, we people tend to talk things down until it's too late. People adopted too much to the current state of living and they also enjoy it too much so they don't feel the urge to change anything, and sadly this affects too many people so nothing will change until it's too late.

  • madneon
    madneonDag siden

    So... the future is for non-political, non-religious people... cool!

  • Christian Prepper
    Christian PrepperDag siden

    *Who else would enjoy a copy of the Vsauce soundtrack?*

  • Shepard
    ShepardDag siden

    Ignoring climate change is like ignoring covid and continuing spreading. Humans are stupid enough to ignore it. It's simply a matter of intellect to remain existent or going extinct. We aren't smart.

  • jake michael
    jake michaelDag siden

    vsauce, advocating for revolution, agaaaaaain.

  • Tashan Punch
    Tashan PunchDag siden

    What is Vsauce talking about in his videos ?

  • madneon


    Dag siden

    To be open-minded and think for yourself.

  • Jack Hubley
    Jack HubleyDag siden

    It appears to me that we have used our intelligence to the point where fewer and fewer people can learn enough about any subject to be able to explain it to the rest of us, leading all of us to a position of being too big for our britches and being caught with our pants down, Mother Nature will bite us in the ass, leaving us to start all over again in the stone age.

  • Kaiser Basileus
    Kaiser BasileusDag siden

    Minds is a metaphor for the patterns in the brain.

    SAINTSDag siden

    Hey Michael you should do one for ‘why we sound bad when we hear our own audios’

  • Radoslaw Szymula
    Radoslaw SzymulaDag siden

    0:05 Its in the water, swimming

  • Sean W
    Sean WDag siden

    "One day we will be the ancients, and we can choose what that means." Bro, that hit

  • Alexander Ramirez
    Alexander RamirezDag siden

    I find it fascinating how Michael is always trying to show the viewer these concepts and explore these ideas but most of the viewers can't really comprehend the information like Michael does. Sure the viewer can acknowledge the information's presence but can't comprehend it. I will love the day Michael uploads a indepth video about mental filters and how many humans are somewhat incapable of comprehending information due to mental filters. Hopefully Michael is able to comprehend mental filters like how I like to see them

  • Nishant Bodkhe
    Nishant BodkheDag siden

    But If those selections have to be random, How will we know if those selections are TRULY Random? Those could be rigged to.

  • Leo Geronimo
    Leo GeronimoDag siden

    my president

  • Troy Turner II
    Troy Turner IIDag siden

    Love the finales

  • Shawn
    ShawnDag siden

    The idealistic future described at the end of the video is exactly what Charles Hoskinson is attempting to provide with the Cardano platform.

  • Rishi Kyle
    Rishi KyleDag siden

    C02 is not causing climate change. It doesn't take much investigation into this to realize that the IPCC is lying. Your alliance with Bill Gates is disturbing. Whatcha need is Jesus Christ.

  • Soul Intent
    Soul IntentDag siden

    I needed this one, this is why this channel is one of my favs

  • naked king
    naked kingDag siden

    video starts at 7:34

  • ViviLouF


    Dag siden

    No, at 00:01

  • soffa93
    soffa93Dag siden

    michael: "reason" me: REASON WILL PREVAIL

  • raj shekar

    raj shekar

    Dag siden


  • Suha Esen
    Suha EsenDag siden

    30 minutes of nonsense... life is short don't waste it... says nothing... not even a thing...

  • Diego Ponciano
    Diego PoncianoDag siden

    I’m impressed you didn’t mention Neuralink and Blockchain :) such a cool vid

  • Nyash
    NyashDag siden


  • sergiosodacool
    sergiosodacoolDag siden

    04:19 welcome to social sciences!! 🤣❤️

  • Foggy Craw
    Foggy CrawDag siden