The technology that’s replacing the green screen

Film og animasjon

The green screen is a Hollywood staple. Should it be?
It’s easy to complain about overreliance on special effects, but for projects that require impossible-to-film environments or have incredibly expensive shots, how do you get the flexibility of green screens without the drawbacks?
Charmaine Chan has worked on one of the possible answers. Vox's Phil Edwards spoke to her about her career and how it's at the forefront of a big technological shift. As a compositor for venerable effects house Industrial Light and Magic (ILM), she’s worked on films like The Last Jedi, assembling various digital elements into a beautiful, seamless image. Her job changed on The Mandalorian, one of the first shows to use ILM’s upgrade for the green screen: LED panels that used video game engine technology to place a realistic-looking world behind the actors.
It was a huge improvement, because green screens actually have a lot of drawbacks. Removing the green screen is never as quick as visual effects artists would hope. It also casts green light upon the set and actors. Even substitutes for a green screen, like projecting an image onto a screen behind the actor, fail to dynamically respond to camera movements the way they would in the real world.
ILM’s solution fixes a lot of those problems, and it also led to creative breakthroughs in which the old Hollywood order of a TV show or movie, in which VFX came last, was suddenly reversed. Now, artists like Charmaine are alongside actors, set designers, and other crew members during filming. That collaboration means that this technology doesn’t just eliminate a screen - it eliminates a creative barrier.
Watch the above video to see how it happens.
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  • Vox
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  • Snooks
    SnooksTime siden

    though with this all VFX has to be planned and implemented ahead of time and you can't mess up anything or the whole thing needs to be reshot. probably works better for TV than movies

  • the demons
    the demonsTime siden

    imagine gaming on this screen

  • Moses Ramirez
    Moses Ramirez3 timer siden

    This is really just a digital equivalent to the matte paintings used in the original Star Wars, which would help (partly) explain how the feel of The Mandalorian is so close to its source material.

  • Daniel Green
    Daniel Green8 timer siden

    I don’t like how industrial light and Magic do films that aren’t under the Disney umbrella like Aqua-man. Stop helping the competition!

  • binbows225


    4 timer siden

    what are you even saying

  • OldGamerMusic
    OldGamerMusic13 timer siden

    The technology that NO ONE CAN AFFORD

  • Evaldas Klupsas
    Evaldas Klupsas21 time siden

    🔥🔥very interesting🔥🔥

  • Maurizio Abile
    Maurizio Abile22 timer siden

    And she explained everything though a Green Screen

  • Teflon Smile
    Teflon Smile22 timer siden

    Frame by frame!

  • Teflon Smile
    Teflon Smile22 timer siden

    They have a room like this inside EXXONMOBIL headquarters 🔎🔥 one of 2 idea! Its very very unreal

  • Insane Cuckooman
    Insane Cuckooman23 timer siden

    i hate the way she talks

  • Farhang Abdinzade
    Farhang AbdinzadeDag siden

    her sound is soooo anoyying omg i cant contineo

  • Oliver McFadden
    Oliver McFaddenDag siden

    this is an awesome creative solution! and now we don’t have to listen to mfers complain about how modern filmmaking killed film

  • Amelia Pinky
    Amelia PinkyDag siden

    With the help of vortexhackers. com. I was able to recover my lost btc which was stolen by some binary traders . .. . .

  • impooser
    impooserDag siden

    8:22 of Californian vocal frying

  • Jordan Osburn
    Jordan OsburnDag siden

    I’ve met Charmaine once presenting at my college campus, it was really amazing to see how much change these led panels would introduce to the visual effects world!

  • Julie Burke
    Julie BurkeDag siden

    I'm very surprised there is no mention of Epics Unreal Engine which is the real tech behind this Virtual Production process. Its also sad that real locations won't be necessary for future film making, photogrammetry of the world will replace the real thing.

  • Paul Cwick
    Paul CwickDag siden

    "It’s easy to complain about overreliance on special effects" With good reason. Too many contemporary movies appear to be 99.99% special effects, and maybe 0.01% intelligent thought put into plot, story-structure or character-development.

  • Ione Velasquez
    Ione VelasquezDag siden


  • sebatian
    sebatianDag siden

    I hate asians.

  • wdavem
    wdavemDag siden

    This video is dripping with public relations. The technology is good. Like an improved rear projection. But the video is leaking public relations out of it's huh.

  • Umair Asghar
    Umair AsgharDag siden

    have you ever tried the change background feature in skype or zoom?

  • GoofyTall
    GoofyTallDag siden

    The Volume? Don't you mean The Holodeck?

  • DoctorX17
    DoctorX17Dag siden

    I have purple screen

  • fatarsemonkey
    fatarsemonkeyDag siden

    So a modern version of what Stanley Kubrick did.

  • Mioumi
    MioumiDag siden

    How does one interact with an object that goes from the volume to the real scene without a cut?

  • durr clips
    durr clipsDag siden

    has it been used for anythin but static empty landscapes? Yeah ok standing in a desert is cool but this seems limited. You cant shoot anything where you need to move more than 15 feet

  • rowelle
    rowelle2 dager siden

    I understand this new technology is more efficient, but is it cost effective? Looks like it costs more to do this than to do green screen.

  • Alexandre Bugado
    Alexandre Bugado2 dager siden

    so it is a real time -ray tr- green screen

  • Phil Christophers
    Phil Christophers2 dager siden

    yeah I was okay till you started promoting 5G which is not good for humans come back to the human race

  • Luke Evans
    Luke Evans2 dager siden

    Same technology used in 'Oblivion' 7 years ago

  • Damon Zap

    Damon Zap

    2 dager siden

    my thoughts exactly. I was hoping someone wrote this in the comments selection. 🖖

  • Alan Smith
    Alan Smith2 dager siden

    my question would be about the floor... how is that done to fit into the ocean?

  • ShortMovie Editor
    ShortMovie Editor2 dager siden

    it would cost less to just like go to the actual spot and record

  • Linus Wärn
    Linus Wärn2 dager siden

    Why haven't we invented high resolution conference calls yet?

  • Linus Wärn

    Linus Wärn

    Dag siden

    @GG-Private I have fiber broadband. I was referring to the woman's low res image.

  • GG-Private


    Dag siden

    Your internet or LTE might not support affordable high res calls yet so no use using high res conference cams.

  • theacp127
    theacp1272 dager siden

    It's amazing that the studio who basically revolutionized key removal with the original Star Wars film is still innovating years later to create more amazing Star Wars content.

  • April Mintac Pineda
    April Mintac Pineda2 dager siden

    So the "new" tech that will replace green screen editing because it's a better solution, is basically a tech of the past that they ditched for green screen? That's the equivalent of choosing the wrong guy and coming back crying 😂😂

  • Fun Film
    Fun Film2 dager siden

    Is there a way to do this for us lower budget filmmakers, say like for only 1-2 million?

  • sK3LeTvM
    sK3LeTvM2 dager siden

    Nothing new. This technique has allready been used by Stanley Kubrick for filming A Space Odyssey. Though it was (rear) film projection instead of LED screens at that time.

  • Radu Caseti
    Radu Caseti2 dager siden

    But they still eat pangolins...🤷🏿‍♂️

  • Casey Chisholm
    Casey Chisholm2 dager siden


  • Her BaSS
    Her BaSS2 dager siden

    och X-Men Fight room

  • Alisa Komendova
    Alisa Komendova2 dager siden

    When she talked about removing the uneven green screen frame by frame, I felt physically ill. They are the real heroes

  • Daniel Grove Photo
    Daniel Grove Photo2 dager siden

    How do real camera movements translate or get measured and put in to the system so that the 3d renders correspond to the camera angle changes?

  • Green Moxy
    Green Moxy2 dager siden

    Can you play call of duty on the LED screen?

  • Mr. Ant
    Mr. Ant2 dager siden

    Before I knew about this I thought the mandalorian was filmed at real places around the world

  • Karolis Jurevicius
    Karolis Jurevicius2 dager siden

    VFX is the least appreciated team in filmmaking when it comes to general audiences and mainstream films.

  • JBulsara A
    JBulsara A2 dager siden

    However the screen they need to learn how to act right in front of a camera.

  • Sourish W.
    Sourish W.3 dager siden

    I got a Verizon ad as soon as the main video ended, then got another vox sponsor speech lol

  • MrSaemichlaus
    MrSaemichlaus3 dager siden

    Dis is da we.

  • hypnotic1979
    hypnotic19793 dager siden

    BOOOOOO 5G !!! It doesn´t only make technology different IT ALSO RUINS LIFE ON EARTH, so PLEASE BANN 5G EVERYWHERE... everywhere where you love people and nature to survive healthier...

  • katasiapa
    katasiapa3 dager siden

    Me: How much the technology price compare to green screen? Her: Your house.

  • rowelle


    2 dager siden

    My exact question.

  • Erik Hendrych
    Erik Hendrych3 dager siden

    Those panels must ve really special. Seen those people who film their computer screen instead of using screen capture software? It looks horrible!

  • ~ImaginedByMe~
    ~ImaginedByMe~3 dager siden

    i did not expect anything different than a jebait from vox tbh

  • Michaelangelo A Barreto
    Michaelangelo A Barreto3 dager siden

    This same screen technology is used in The Bourne Stuntacular live show at Universal Studios Florida. So if you want to see this live, check out that show. It is breath taking.

  • Animatroix
    Animatroix3 dager siden

    what if the whole world is just a green screen?

  • wedoebe
    wedoebe3 dager siden

    This was plain and simply awesome!!🤓

  • p c
    p c3 dager siden

    It would not be too surprising if a future iteration of 'The Volume' were to be more like a half sphere and much larger.

  • kngston20
    kngston203 dager siden

    Soaring over California needs to upgrade to this technology. Those screens are getting dated.

  • IsThisLeftUnity?
    IsThisLeftUnity?3 dager siden

    I kinda assumed that most of the Mandalorian was filmed on location with the backgrounds edited in later. Compared to the creature and vehicle CG it looked almost flawless.

  • Billy Crutchfield
    Billy Crutchfield3 dager siden

    COOL !

  • Matthew Pennington
    Matthew Pennington3 dager siden

    This is incredible development on the part of the lead technologist, she is amazing, but why scrimp on a glitchy zoom call quality interview for this piece? I'd implore you to re-shoot this in her developed tech! Amazing work highlighting such talent, not meant as a criticism. Big love.

  • isabella live 2.0
    isabella live 2.03 dager siden

    NOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Wow 2.5 seconds really!!! I mean Ah!!!!!!!!!!!5G!!!

  • Mick Murray
    Mick Murray3 dager siden

    How can we change the way voices sound?

  • Aesthetic Virtuoso
    Aesthetic Virtuoso4 dager siden

    It makes it easier for the actors too

  • lon-ist lon-ist
    lon-ist lon-ist4 dager siden

    My favourite type of films probably wouldn’t need techniques like this one. There is much more to cinema than guns, cars, explosions and blond babes.

  • bill billiomson
    bill billiomson4 dager siden

    yikes imagine the shame of having worked on the last jedi.

  • CraftingBlue


    3 dager siden

    I loved that movie

  • Online Radio School
    Online Radio School4 dager siden

    Fun watch!

  • Alexander Johansen
    Alexander Johansen4 dager siden

    Optimal for streamers

  • Sargent Peep
    Sargent Peep4 dager siden

    Can't hear anything anyone is saying over the annoying background "music" noise.

  • MrLaeddis1
    MrLaeddis14 dager siden

    What about in scenes the character is walking around. How does he act the walking without walking into the LED panels

  • kiiinggg Galaxy

    kiiinggg Galaxy

    2 dager siden

    @Adam Davies is there any sensor connected between the character and background panel?

  • Adam Davies

    Adam Davies

    2 dager siden

    Not even a joke, they use a type of treadmill that is synced to the motion on the screen faster you walk or run the quicker the background moves

  • Chancey M

    Chancey M

    2 dager siden

    its a pretty big room

  • Kpop X Anime High

    Kpop X Anime High

    2 dager siden

    @Ironic Man 😂😂

  • Ironic Man

    Ironic Man

    3 dager siden


  • PengWin76
    PengWin764 dager siden

    Love the Delorean in the background.

  • Strong Independent Chinese Virus From Wuhan
    Strong Independent Chinese Virus From Wuhan4 dager siden

    Imagine if game of thrones used that tech :O

  • looking for places
    looking for places4 dager siden

    very interesting video

  • serigala berbulu domba
    serigala berbulu domba4 dager siden

    old, we filming movie in the virtual wolrd

  • Merginator
    Merginator4 dager siden

    Elgato will have this ready for streamers Holiday season 2021

  • Spider Frogg
    Spider Frogg4 dager siden

    There’s a book in the background called “beautiful Minecraft” at 4:32, that kinda warms my heart Edit: bought it

  • Yan Moura
    Yan Moura5 dager siden

    Very cool! I just don't think that studios are going to completely abandon the solid color background screening since it still works for several situations. Also small and modest studios cannot just jump over any new technology that arise from out of the blue and spend millions on it in a sudden.

  • MyBean
    MyBean5 dager siden

    This would be so sick to act inside

  • hasan Hasan
    hasan Hasan5 dager siden

    Now have to be millinior to make film ;)

  • NoneTaken
    NoneTaken5 dager siden

    Let's not get too carried away with the process and remember that Disney is a huge proponent of modern liberalism which is bad for the people of America. I will make a point of never watching 'the mandalorian' so that I don't support the destruction of America.

  • Sid Kay
    Sid Kay5 dager siden

    This is wild. So cool!!

  • Rinaldi Anwar
    Rinaldi Anwar5 dager siden

    They could make real life hunger games of it’s big enough

  • darrick steele
    darrick steele5 dager siden

    My goal: to have one of these in my home for playing immersive video games and racing simulators. I forty years old. 🤞 Here's to hoping that I can pull it off before the end of my life. (or maybe I should just stick VR ) 😋 -->edit: [ how much processing power does it take to drive a set of panels like this? ]

  • MD Records
    MD Records5 dager siden

    Master Yoda looks cool in there. And he manages to stay as long as he want. Salute🤗

  • Mister Mayhem
    Mister Mayhem5 dager siden

    You have come a long way from being Little Finger on GOT

  • Panocha777
    Panocha7775 dager siden

    looks horrible and demands more effort. but its a slight step for back to real environments.

  • British Observer
    British Observer5 dager siden

    1:53 - Everyone on that team of 36 people is a man, except one. Guess which one Vox interviews....

  • JebClang


    5 dager siden

    I wasn't even aware that i didn't mind woman to be working on anything anywhere. But it's so forced through the media these years. Geez enough already.

  • Blake Gadd
    Blake Gadd5 dager siden

    That's nuts!!

  • Alexander van Dijk
    Alexander van Dijk5 dager siden

    Nasa is loving this.

  • X3MA
    X3MA5 dager siden

    It's a very incompletely method, but I'm interesting to see where this goes in 5-10 years.

  • Brandon Sinkovich
    Brandon Sinkovich5 dager siden

    They have these expensive OLED Panel...but she is talking on a 480p 8fps webcam...

  • L D

    L D

    2 dager siden

    Yep, your point?

  • Oscar Curiel
    Oscar Curiel5 dager siden

    But cost is an issue...

  • Caden Ashworth
    Caden Ashworth5 dager siden

    May God bless you today and everyday🙏🏼🙏🏼

  • Techprology
    Techprology6 dager siden

    Yeah it's good for those who feel there pocket it too heavy it can help making it lighter

  • Archer Davidson
    Archer Davidson6 dager siden

    It’s not replacing it it’s been a thing before green screen old movies with car chases sometimes used it when there were close ups inside the car it was a screen out side of the window

    SUCCI BOI6 dager siden

    Bruh this is just a IRL skybox

  • Irfan samurai
    Irfan samurai6 dager siden

    4:33 "Beautiful Minecraft"

  • Toku Music
    Toku Music6 dager siden

    I knew about this technique for a while, but I only just realised it's a modern version of the painted backdrops they used to use back in the day.

  • Neeraj Rajesh
    Neeraj Rajesh6 dager siden

    Imagine playing videogames in there

  • James Bond
    James Bond6 dager siden

    4:33 "beautiful Minecraft" .....